Information Processing Cycle

Information Processing Cycle

A series of steps used to convert data into useful information is known as information processing cycle. The steps in this cycle are performed in a specific sequence.

Different steps in the information processing cycle are as follows:

Input

The first step of the information processing cycle is input. The computer accepts data in this step. Data consists of raw facts and figures. Data is entered into the computer for processing. It is entered using different input devices such as keyboard or mouse.

2. Processing

The second step of the information processing cycle is processing. It converts data into information. Information is an organized and processed form of data. The central processing unit processes data into information. Random access memory (RAM) temporarily stores programs and data required by the CPU.

3. Output

The third step of the information processing cycle is output. The results are provided to the user in this step. It is performed using different output devices such as monitors and printers.

4. Storage

The fourth step of the information processing cycle is storage. It stores data, information and programs used by the computer system. It is performed using different storage devices like hard disk drives, CD, DVD and USB flash memory etc.